TRADOC PAMPHLET 525-5


FORCE XXI OPERATIONS

A Concept for the Evolution of Full-Dimensional Operations for the Strategic Army of the Early Twenty-First Century

August 1994

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

FOREWORD

This pamphlet is the Training and Doctrine Command's evolving vision of future joint military operations­Force XXI Operations. It drives the Joint Venture axis of Chief of Staff of the Army's three axis Force XXI campaign. Thus, it describes the conceptual foundations for War and Operations Other Than War in the early decades of the twenty-first century. This concept provides TRADOC's Task Force XXI, Battle Laboratories, doctrine writers, combat developers, and trainers a vision of future conflict for the development of supporting concepts, programs, and experiments.

TRADOC Pamphlet 525-5 addresses growth. At the center of the concept are quality soldiers and leaders­soldiers and leaders whose full potential is more closely realized by Information Age technologies and continuous development and training in units and our Land Warfare University. Its central theme describes how rapidly tailoring units to missions will be increasingly possible because of the growing ability to share and move information rapidly among these quality soldiers, leaders, and units. Shared and updated knowledge results in improvements to battle and campaign outcomes in War and Operations Other Than War.

TRADOC Pamphlet 525-5 sets forth future full-dimensional operations for Force XXI­a strategic Army that will continue to provide staying power on land as part of the joint team to meet our Nation's future national security requirements. It describes, in general terms, how the Army will function in the future as the primary land force executing joint, multinational operations in War and Operations Other Than War to achieve established objectives in operations where domination of terrain or control of populations is central to victory.

The rapidly evolving nature of the geostrategic environment, changes in the conduct of battle, and the pace of military technological advances require that this TRADOC Pamphlet 525-5 be substantially different from previous versions. First, this vision of future Army operations is more conceptual than those of the past. Second, this version is an evolving concept designed for continuous refinement. This edition, for example, captures ideas expressed during the March 1994 TRADOC Winter Future Warfare Symposium­as well as initial observations of a series of Battle Laboratory Advanced Warfighting Experiments, Louisiana Maneuvers (LAM), General Headquarters Exercise (GHQX) 94, and Exercise Prairie Warrior. It also supports early work of TRADOC Task Force XXI and provides the conceptual foundation for hypotheses to be examined in future Advanced Warfighting Experiments. It is a first edition that will be changed only when internal insights change significantly or when external conditions and policies direct change.

With concept development beginning only months after the publication of FM 100-5, Operations, this vision of future operations, both in its evolving format and content, reflects the dynamic nature of current world events and the discovery method of change for the Army. Thus, this concept is intended to provide focus for experimentation, stimulate further thought, and generate discussion on future War and Operations Other Than War.

TRADOC Pamphlet 525-5 represents the baseline in the formulation of more definitive follow-on concepts for early twenty-first century Army operations. TRADOC Pamphlet 525-5 is not doctrine, rather a document of ideas­for it is ideas that lead change for the Army. Ideas expressed in a coherent concept lead to experiments and discovery of needed change, resulting in improved results in both War and Operations Other Than War.

                              FREDERICK M. FRANKS, JR.
                              General, United States Army
                              Commanding Department of the Army

*TRADOC Pam 525-5 Headquarters, United States
Army Training and Doctrine Command
Fort Monroe, Virginia 23651-5000

1 August 1994

FORCE XXI OPERATIONS

A Concept for the Evolution of Full-Dimensional Operations for the Strategic Army of the Early Twenty-First Century

SUMMARY.
This pamphlet describes the conceptual foundations for the conduct of future operations in War and OOTW involving Force XXI­the US Army of the early twenty-first century. The US Army is defined in this concept as the active Army, Army Reserve, Army National Guard, and Department of the Army civilians. This pamphlet provides TRADOC's Task Force XXI, Battle Laboratories, doctrine writers, combat developers, and trainers a vision of future conflict for the development of supporting concepts, programs, experiments, and initiatives. Finally, the concept offers implications for doctrine, training, leader development, organizations, materiel, and soldiers (DTLOMS).

The 1993 version of FM 100-5 provided the Army a short lead on the future, allowing it to move ahead in its thinking on the character of future conflict and OOTW. This TRADOC Pamphlet 525-5 represents the continuation of change, continuity, and growth, enabling the Army to continue as a relevant, strategic force capable of decisive victory into the twenty-first century.

APPLICABILITY.
This pamphlet applies to all TRADOC elements, to include Headquarters (HQ) TRADOC staff, major subordinate commands, functional centers, schools, and activities.

SUGGESTED IMPROVEMENTS.
Send comments and suggested improvements on DA Form 2028 through channels to Commander, HQ TRADOC, ATTN: ATDO-F, Fort Monroe, Virginia 23651-5000.

*This pamphlet supersedes TRADOC Pam 525-5, 1 August 1991.


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